Ebbe Christensen & Sophus Frandsen, Poul Henningsen

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Ebbe Christensen :

Poul Henningsen :

Poul Henningsen, PH was originally in training as a mason. In the years 1911-1917, he studied at the Technical Society’s school and Polytechnics. Unlike several of the other great danish architects, Poul Henningsen was not a graduate of the famous Royal Academy of Fine Arts.

After World War I, Henningsen came in contact with the one year old architect Kay Fisker, who sought a partner for the design of two large estates in Copenhagen. The partnership was short, tempers were too different. Henningsen did not get to leave his mark on the project, but he got the chance to establish his own small studio in 1919. At the same time, he started to experiment with lights.

Poul Henningsen, thought electric bulbs gave an impossible light – either it was too sharp, or the screens absorbed most of the light. He wanted a lampshade that sent light into space, with its full strength, without dazzling. He experimented with light on the addick of his townhouse, where the walls were painted black. A baby carriage could be driven back and forth on rails, which hold a candle on a piece of carton, and emitted light onto a piece of paper with a grease stain, as the light emitted through. Henningsen called it a photometer, and used it for thousands of measurements of the intensity and curves of the light.

Sophus Frandsen :

Sophus Frandsen was a Danish architect and professor. He graduated from the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in 1953, but was already employed at the Studio of Arne Jacobsen.

In 1976, he teamed up with colleague architect Ebbe Christensen, and the two ran an architectural consultancy agency.

Sophus Frandsen taught and researched the nature of light and its practical application, for more than half a century at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen, and was one of the pioneers of modern research in lighting in Denmark.